Impact of Intellectual Capital on Sustainable Organizational Performance with Mediating Role of Human Resource and Moderating Role of Employee Engagement
Keywords:Intellectual Capital, Intellectual Capital Management, HR Management, Employee Engagement, Sustainable Organizational Performance, Science and Technology Sector
The dynamic landscape of the global economy, propelled by technological advancements, necessitates a profound transformation in the Science and Technology (S&T) sector. However, Pakistan's S&T sector grapples with challenges stemming from limited research and development (R&D) organizations, mismanagement, and a disconnect between industry and S&T entities. This study aims to fill the existing research gap by examining the impact of Human Resource (HR) management on the relationship between Intellectual Capital (IC) and sustainable organizational performance within Pakistan's S&T sector. The research questions delve into the influence of ICM on organizational performance, the mediating role of HR management, and the moderating effect of employee engagement. Employing a quantitative research approach, the study utilizes a questionnaire to collect primary data from S&T organizations. However, the method section requires refinement for clarity and precision. The proposed research design, methodology, and analysis techniques, including the application of PLS-Structural Equation Modelling, are outlined. A pilot study is deemed necessary to assess the viability of the research design and gather preliminary insights before the main study. The results and implications, particularly in the context of HR management's mediating role and employee engagement's moderating
effect, has been discussed comprehensively. In conclusion, this research seeks to enhance understanding of the intricate relationship between Intellectual Capital, HR management, employee engagement, and sustainable organizational performance in Pakistan's S&T sector. Through rigorous investigation, the study aims to provide actionable recommendations to foster a conducive environment for innovation and long-term sustainability
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