IMPACT OF ETHICAL LEADERSHIP AND ABUSIVE SUPERVISION ON ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR: MEDIATING ROLE OF LEADER-MEMBER EXCHANGE
Keywords:Ethical Leadership, Abusive Supervision, Leader-Member Exchange, Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Based on the social exchange theory, a leader-member exchange is an essential mediator for different leadership behavior and work outcomes. The current study aims to determine the impact of ethical leadership and abusive supervision on organizational citizenship behavior in the presence of leader-member exchange as a mediator. It is studied in the context of public sector universities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to recognize the behavior of chairpersons toward faculty members. Data is collected from teaching faculty through a questionnaire using multi-stage cluster sampling. Regression analysis assumptions were tested before hypotheses testing. All the hypotheses were supported. This study also suggests some practical implications as well. Ethical leadership is an independent variable that positively impacts job outcomes. Secondly, abusive behavior has a negative effect on positive outcomes, reducing overall university performance. These behaviors compel teaching faculties to quit their job. Thirdly, LMX plays a pivotal role in ethical leadership and abusive supervision. Thus, universities arranging various programs are required to realize the importance of in-groups and how to avoid out-groups to improve their skills and make the environment professional and friendly.
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