• Zia ur Rehman Universiti Malaya, Malaysia


Job Rotation, Game Based, Job Shadowing, Lecture Based, Mentorship, Role Modeling, Case Study, Stimulus, Stimulation


Human resources are considered one of the most critical assets of any organization, and consequently, a lot of time and budget are invested by the organization in developing this resource. To do so, predominantly organizations try various training approaches, however, not fully succeeded. Therefore, this study aims at the efficacy of various training approaches. Being conceptual in nature, it focuses on some essential training approaches and the systematic value of the training approaches has been investigated. We identified and selected the most imperative and largely used training approaches and then assessed them based on extracted criteria. The study is qualitative in nature, therefore, to collect data, we conducted interviews with ten (10) expert trainers from the training industry and recorded their feedback. The interview answers were transcribed and scanned accordingly to extract relevant themes. Out of various premises, the themes which were common and repeated were selected. Well-thought-out criteria were developed based on the analysis of the extracted themes, which show five essential components to establish the efficacy of a training approach. The five essential criteria namely: 1) Learning modality, 2) Training Environment, 3) Training Proximity, 4) Considerations related to cost, and 5) Time Frame and duration were further deliberated up and depicted accordingly. In the end, the study presents essential recommendations, not only for organizations but also for future researchers.




How to Cite

Zia ur Rehman. (2023). EFFICACY OF TRAINING APPROACHES: A CONCEPTUAL STUDY. International Journal of Business and Management Sciences, 4(1), 112-131. Retrieved from https://ijbms.org/index.php/ijbms/article/view/342